According to legend, there was a god in the Tang Dynasty called Wan Hui, the common name of Zhang. His brother-in-law, Anxi, is far away from home, and there is no audio. Parents are eager to miss, often crying. Wan Wanjian wants parents to prepare food and clothing to explore. He left on the same day, returned that night, and told his parents that his brother was safe. Both parents and neighbors are amazed. Therefore, it is called Wan Wan. "West Lake Tour Zhiyu·Volume II": "When Song Dynasty, Hangzhou City, with a moon, a brother, like a hood, smiling, dressed in green, left hand drum, right hand, the cloud is the god of harmony The shackles can make people come back thousands of miles away, so the fish smashed back. "Later, people thought that it was a good thing to be a two gods. Therefore, in the eleventh year of Qing Emperor Yongzheng (1733), the Tianshan Mountain in Fengtang was called "Hesheng" and "Picked" as "Hesheng". The cold mountains and the picks are all barren. The former "Wenshu", the latter "Pu Xian", they all have wisdom and virtue. At the same time, Erqi is quite happy. "Or the promenade Xu Xing, called "San ling ren). Or look at the air to laugh alone, when you smash and beat, it is standing in the palm of your hand, huh, laughing, and going for a long time." , the three circles of reincarnation. Or in the village and the cows and laughed, or reverse or smooth, self-interested. "And again, the two are different as brothers. The Hanshan year is a little longer, and the woman who has the same love is not married. The marriage begins to understand the feelings. It is the monk who is a monk, so she picks up the woman and seeks the cold mountain. She finds out the place where the mountain is in full bloom, and it is a branch of blooming lotus flowers to see the ceremony. , eager to hold the lunch box to welcome, the two are extremely happy. The same is true.
Whether it is Wan Wan or Han Shan, they themselves have certain virtues, ethics, or return to the world, or they can be harmonious, so they are regarded as happy and harmonious by the people. In the old days, people used the peace and harmony to control the joy of marriage, and there is another name for "happy and happy." People draw and mold their image to wish them a good luck. The common image of Hehe Erxian is also full of sleek smiles. A lotus flower in full bloom, a box (or a wishful piece, a jewel), and a harmonious (box) harmony. The image of the harmony is more than that of the wedding display, or the hanging of the hall all year round, the harmony of good luck, porcelain, clay sculpture, wood carving, and the combination of the two immortals, placed in several cases, kitchen cabinets, to decorate and wishgi.
"Kirin sent the child", Qilin is the beast of Renrui, a gentle and gentle manner of a gentleman. In the old days, Kirin gave the theme of the child, which was seen in the picture, the language of Zhu Xi, and also in the activities of the old age. The intention is to pray, wish to marry the early son, son and grandson, this cultural phenomenon originated from Confucius. In Qufu, the hometown of Confucius, there is a street, and the helper of Confucius is on this street. Before the birth of Confucius, his parents had given birth to ten children. Only Kong Mengbo was a boy, but he was suffering from a foot disease and could not be an anecdote. Parents feel too sorry, and they pray together in Nishan to look forward to regenerating a son.
One night, suddenly a unicorn broke into the raft. The neighboring neighbors of the neighborhood came to watch. At this time, Kirin spit out a spit from his mouth, and wrote: "The descendants of the water essence, the aging of the king and the sage." The next day, the unicorn disappeared, and Confucius was born. This is the origin of "Lin Shu Yu Shu".
"Kylin sent the child", the pattern is square, and can be divided into two types. The protagonist, with the boy as the center, wears a long life lock, holds the lotus hug; or rides a unicorn for the boy, a corner or a book; or a group of ladies behind the boy escort, the lady umbrella holds the fan. Jane, riding the unicorn for the boy, holding the lotus. This kind of pattern is more common in wedding and bedroom supplies, and is also used to congratulate the birth of ornaments, and there are many architectural applications.
Another example is a rotating lock in a Citi lock. The white copper texture is 8.4 cm long and 3.1 cm high. The front of the lock engraves the pattern of "double snails hydrangea". The carving is exquisite, and the hair of the lion and the lion's tail can be distinguished. The lion swooped forward, the opposite of the ball, the two tails were high, the ball was rotated rapidly, and the ball was hazy above and below. The two lions smashed their necks and twisted their hips. The image was vivid and vivid.
The lion and the tiger are the king of the beasts. The double lion rolling hydrangea folks call it "lion hydrangea", which means the joy of auspicious joy. It is customary that when the male and female lions play together, their hairs are entangled, and the small lions that are rolled into balls will be produced. Here, the hydrangea is auspicious. Its deformation map is called "hydrangea" and "hydrangea", which are widely used in clothing, construction, furniture, and so on. Folk lion dance is one of the important programs to win the championship every year. Usually embossed or colored lion jacket, living in it, like a lion in various postures, walking up, pitching and jumping. Some people also use hydrangea to tease and tease. This kind of folk dance technique was later put on the stage and passed down to the present.
According to legend, the story of the origin of "Lion's hydrangea" is like this: In the Northern and Southern Dynasties, there was a famous named Zong Yi, and in the 22nd year of Yuan Jia (445 years), a war broke out with the southern Lin Biao State. Zongtang was a pioneer. After a setback, he came up with a trick. He carved wooden blocks under his life, made lion headgear and masks, and put on yellow clothes. The enemy rushed over and ran away. Zongtang won the victory. This method of warfare gradually spread to the people, and slowly increased the movements of mane, itching, rolling, etc., becoming fierce and cute, thinking that the interpretation of the lion to send auspicious customs, "double lion drama hydrangea" It has become a symbol of human reproductive rituals.
Double rabbit shape lock：
Another example is a "double rabbit" shape lock, white copper texture, 8.5 cm long, 3.1 cm. The carvings are exquisitely crafted. On a hillside, there is a corner of the palace on the right. There is plum blossom in the distance, and the top of the right slope is the scent of Zhilan. In this fairyland, from the high slope to the low slope, there are two marching jade rabbits. The traveler looked back and looked forward to the latter, who was also on the decline. Two clever jade rabbits are exquisite and pitiful.
Rabbit, one of the twelve zodiac signs. Rabbits are soft, gentle, and kind. According to legend, there is a dutiful son named Qiu Hua who lost his father in childhood and is very respectful to his mother. The family is poor, renting land to cultivate, serving the mother. After the mother returned to heaven, Qiuhua’s hair fell off and she kept her filial piety on the side of the tomb. Someone wants to help him, he is thankful. One day, there was a rabbit chased by a hunter, and the rabbit fled to the Qiuhua huts. Since then, the rabbit has been protected by Qiuhua. The rabbit stayed in the house and waited for Qiuhua. At this time, the rabbit has become a beast, and will bring peace, auspiciousness and happiness to people. There are also many legends about rabbits.
The locksmith moved the beautiful myths and legends to the locks, which not only made the locks add a few auspicious colors, but also prayed for people to be kind and happy.
Another example is the "lock lock", which looks like a "four-lock", but it is different from the "four-lock". Because its function is to block the key, it is called "key lock". The lock is made of brass and is 8.5 cm long and 3 cm long. There is a scorpion at both ends, one can't move if it is dead, and one can move if it is active. As long as the movable dice are pulled down, the lock beam is removed from the part, and the other end of the concealed door can be opened to reveal the keyhole, but at this time the spring sign on the lock cylinder is covered by the baffle, and the key is blocked and cannot be opened. Originally connected with a flat copper strip on the reed on the active rafter, and with a backing track, the top of the flat copper strip is riveted with a lock pin with the same top area of the lock core reed, blocking the reed head. The lock cannot be opened. At this time, the live tweezers must be pulled out, so that the flat copper strips straighten the attached pin plates, so that the baffles on the baffle are disengaged from the reeds, and the key can be used to cover the reeds. To be able to open freely. This vivid and conceived design is truly ingenious.
For another example, this is a strange and quirky iron lock called "four-key lift lock". It is strange to say that it is shaped like a square "funnel" and like an inverted square tower. The height is 15.5 cm, the width is 4.5 cm, the beam height is 4.5 cm, and the spire is 6 cm high. The whole design is subtle, the lock body can be raised and lowered, there are four keyholes, and one exposed three hidden hidden. To open this lock, it must be opened in five procedures, and it is indispensable. The lock weighs 550 grams.
Its opening sequence is: a large key, a square hole, and a square hole. The first step is to use the square hole of the square key on the large key handle to cover the spire, rotate counterclockwise, remove the spire to expose the keyhole; the second step, insert the keyhole into the keyhole with the large key Rotate the inner layer of the lock case clockwise as the key rotates, slowly rising to two centimeters, showing two keyholes on the inner lock case, one on the front left side, showing a bar-shaped keyhole, one on the right side The rounded keyhole appears on the end face; the third step uses the second key (less than the large size), the tooth is a circular hole shape, and the handle is embedded in the ring with three connected small rings, which are in the shape of "good" and the key Insert, rotate the screw in the lock case counterclockwise, and turn it until it stops. The screw is stuck in the gap of the lock beam. At this moment, the lock beam can be raised, the lock is still not open, and there are two. The road organ is locked; in the fourth step, the third key (less than the second) is used, and the shape is similar to the second one, but only one piece on the side of the scallop is connected to the outside of the round tube. When the key is inserted into the keyhole, rotate clockwise to open the third mechanism, and the latch that is supported into the lock beam fork will be withdrawn, and the lock beam can be raised again; the fifth step, that is, the last pass, the fourth number The key (same structure than the third one) is inserted into the keyhole to eject the other latch. Since the latch and the latch of the third key are parallel, the two latches jointly catch the fork-shaped tiger's mouth on the lock beam, and thus the lock is all opened.
This rare lock, I saw it a few years ago, it was a foreigner, he met me in the antique market, and immediately showed me a "four-key lifting iron lock" from the bag. His expression is proud. I admire for a while and feel that it is a rare thing to have a wonderful lock. It’s a good life. It’s a pity that such a good Chinese odd lock is how to fall into the hands of outsiders. He quickly went back from my hands and asked him where he bought it? His mysterious whispered softly: "In the Shandong antique market, I bought it for a thousand dollars."
After a few years, I have never had the chance to find such a strange lock.
It’s really "a chance to meet a thousand miles." A few days ago, the same good Tibetan friend Xiao Pan told me that there is a store on the Dongtai Road antique market, there is a lock on the iron four, Xiao Pan accompanied me to see. I couldn't help but be surprised at seeing this lock. This is similar to the "four-key lift iron lock" that I saw a few years ago. When asked about the price, I asked the owner again: "This product is from Hejin." "This is a foreigner consignment, and the counter-offer is not for sale." I took it when I bite my teeth. I am a foreigner who sells this, and it is probably the foreigner who showed me the "four-key lifting iron lock" that I showed it a few years ago! I am very glad that I have "fought back" from the foreigner's hand to belong to my ancient Chinese lock.
This odd lock, that is, a master of lock making is completely hand-made, the joint is welded and riveted, and the internal structure is made up of a combination of a screw and a latch. Even the round and square tube keys are connected. The ring is made by tapping, and the ring on the key handle is also hand-made. No mechanical processing marks are valuable. This lock was broken into the things of the Republic of China.
The ancient Chinese locks can be described as numerous locks. From the above examples, we can see the profoundness of the Chinese ancient lock culture.
China's lock culture is not only long-standing, but also rich in content, at least the following points can be drawn:
First of all, the lock was born at the same time as human private ownership. It has a long history. That was in the late maternal society of our country (equivalent to 5000 BC to 2000 BC), when humans began to have private property (small amounts) accumulated as productivity increased. In order to protect personal property, humans began to explore the locks. Originally, I used my skin to wrap my belongings. The knot is knotted firmly with the ropes. To open, you must use a "wrong" made of animal teeth or animal bones to pick up the knots layer by layer. This is the prototype of the most primitive locks and keys in China. By the time of the Yangshao culture in 3000 BC, the Chinese ancestors created wooden locks mounted on wooden framed buildings. This is China's oldest lock in the world, and it can be called the "world's first lock." In the future, with the development of society and the improvement of productivity, copper, iron locks, silver locks, jade locks and other different materials and locks of different shapes were created, and the craft skills were getting higher and higher. The reserves of our country's locks are also the highest in the world. As Chinese people, especially those in the lock industry, they should feel glorious and proud.
Second, the locks from the form to the content of the ancient Chinese locks are rich and varied; from the wooden locks of the Neolithic Age to the iron locks of the Xia and Shang Dynasties; from the metal locks of the Spring and Autumn Warring States to the iron three-spring locks of the Qin and Han Dynasties; Bronze locks to the fish locks and gilt locks of the Tang Dynasty; from the body locks of the Song Dynasty to the secret locks and password locks of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, as well as various characters and animal locks, they all show the profoundness and profoundness of the lock culture in China. Ethnic locks, such as the Salar's four-way cross-lock, the Naxi square copper lock and the original wooden lock of the Yi people, are even more unique. This is a sea of locks and a vast sea of learning.
Third, it is widely used and made ingeniously. According to the old traditional classification, there are four categories of wide lock, Citi lock, criminal lock and jewelry lock, which are called "four King Kong" in the lock. However, this classification is too narrow. There are also sub-uses that can be divided into life locks, construction locks, military locks, traffic locks, warehouse locks, penalty locks, and folk locks. It covers almost all areas of society as a whole. "Book of Rites, Monthly Order", in the Zhou Dynasty, the winter of the winter, must be "bad city Guo, quit the door, repair key, carefully control." What is said here is to repair the city wall and use the lock key to control the country. Therefore, the locks have a large lock on the country gate, and small locks on the warehouse door, the field door, and the home door, until the cages and drawers are locked. The lock is a necessary material for the people and plays an important role in the people's lives. I believe that the lock is the great creation of the people and plays an irreplaceable and important role in the national economy and the people's livelihood.